Use P.R.E.P. to make your answers well-structured, complete, and focused.
P – Point: Begin every answer with a statement that sets the topic sentence for what you are about to say. A simple way to create an introductory or topic sentence is to restate the question as a statement:
Where are you from? I’m from….
If you could go back to university and choose another major, what major would you choose?
If I could go back to university and choose another major, I would choose….
What is the one piece of advice that you would like to give to your children?
The one piece of advice that I would like to give to my children is….
R – Reason: You should have a reason. The easiest way to force yourself to give a reason is to say in the same sentence as your topic statement or thesis “…because….”
Are you for or against reunification with North Korea?
I am [for| against] reunification with North Korea because…..
I [am | am not] in favor of reunification with North Korea because…..
E – Example: You should give an example to explain your reason. We understand and learn through examples. Your example should be concrete and specific and not abstract or an idea. Your example will also demonstrate your ability to communicate. Remember, you must speak to do well on speaking tests.
P – Point: Finally, you should give a concluding statement as a signal that you are done speaking. The conclusion could be as simple as restating your introductory or topic statement:
“So, I [am | am not] in favor of reunification with North Korea.”
A more advanced way to signal a conclusion is to send a finishing signal with different words from your introductory statement:
“I think reunification is the future of both North and South Korea”
P.R.E.P. will help you make your answers both longer and focused. If you answer almost any question for more than one minute, you are likely not focused and rambling. Rambling answers are an indication of lower language skills because you are not directly answering the questions.
So, P.R.E.P. lengthens your answers by forcing you to 1) give reasons and 2) examples.
P.R.E.P. shortens your answers by forcing you to 1) structure and 2) focus your answers.